Do I Need to Dedupe?

Let’s say I’ve got a set of 6,000 emails that might—or might not—have some duplicates in it.  Before I go crazy with deduping, I’d like a quick way to figure out whether this is an issue or not.  My strategy of choice is to use Advanced Filter to generate a list of the unique hash values.  If that list is considerably shorter than the original list of 6000, then some deduplicating is probably in order.

First, I select the column with the hash values in it and click on Advanced Filter on the Data Ribbon:


Now I fix the settings in the Advanced Filter dialog box:

  1. Select “Copy to another location”
  2. Select the appropriate List range
  3. Choose a destination for the unique values (a nearby empty column)
  4. Click the box for “Unique records only”
  5. Hit OK



The list of unique values will now appear in Column Q.


Well, well, well.  The list of unique values only goes to Row 4773.  That means we’ve got some 1,228 duplicates.

Of course, this doesn’t tell us which ones were duplicated, or how many duplicates of any given document there are.  It just tells us that there are plenty of dupes to be found.  In a later lesson we’ll use the COUNTIF function to identify which are the originals, and which are the dupes.

There’s a magic formula that will tell you how many unique values there are in a list or grid of values.  Two caveats though:

  1. It is very resource intensive, so if the list is large, it might bog down your computer for a while;
  2. If there any blank cells there you’ll have to fill them in with something (i.e., the word “blank”), otherwise you’ll get the dreaded #DIV/0! error.

For the list of Hash values above in cells O2 to O6001, the formula would be:


Notice that this is an array formula; hit Ctrl+Shift+Enter, rather than Enter, and Excel will fill in the curly braces.

Here’s an example of the formula at work:


The formula correctly determines that there are 5 unique values in cells C2 to C9, viz.,
apple, dog, tree, shell, spider.

I tip my finest hat—a lightweight but sturdy DelMonico Skip Panama with a 2” wired brim and a feathered simple black grosgrain band—to John Walkenbach, author of the Excel Bible series, for coming up with this beauty.

About excelesquire

NYC attorney and Excel enthusiast.
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